Indian textile has a strong heritage and tradition. Origin of textiles in India dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization, where people used homemade-cotton fibers for weaving their clothes. Rig-Veda also has mentions regarding textiles.
Ramayana and Mahabharata, the famous Indian epics, depict the existence of a wide variety of fabrics in ancient India. These epics mention both the wealthy, and the stylized garment is worn by the aristocrats, and simple clothes used by the masses. The modern Indian textile not only reflects the impressive past but also cater to the demands of present times.
The findings of several artificial fibers like nylon and polyester created a more extensive market for textile products and gradually led to the invention of new and improved sources of natural fiber.
Resources and Making
India's natural resources are in abundance, and options present in making, decorating textiles are unparalleled. The various climates distributed all along India gives way for the growth of natural fibers; the natural dyes are therefore easy to obtain and use in textiles.
The history of textiles and textile manufacturing in current times has one main factor in common, that they are done by skillful artisans and workers. The skills used for making intricate designs, embroidery, and obtaining the dyes are all unique.
Dyes and Print
As we discussed, the dyes are an important part of producing the colors in textiles, and it is an age-old practice in India. India’s natural dyes, especially those of blue and red, are renowned for years. The blue dyes especially indigos, take their name from India, as they are made and famous in India. The natural dyes were in function till the 19th century western dyes came into existence.
The prints are one of the other significant things associated with Indian textiles. In olden days dyes were used for printing, and now there are many ways for printing the fabrics. The most used ones are wooden block prints and are extensively used even now. They are used for repeating floral patterns in several colors and large-scale production of textiles. It is the traditional 'Make in India' way and they are made and exported to the world, generating worldwide recognition for our artisans.
Stitching techniques and embroidery art are as famous as the country’s weaving and dyeing practices. Specific local styles have evolved over centuries, using a huge variety of stitches and materials. The areas most associated with embroidery are north and west India, where it was produced by professional artisans, whose family are associated with the handlooms for generations. 17th-century embroidery from Gujarat was considered one of the finest then and now.
The Indian crafts and Textiles have a huge history and should be preserved and supported, for them to grow. It will also be learning for future generations, regarding history, and it will educate them on the importance of age-old crafts and textiles. The fact that the Textile sector in India is one of the important sectors cannot be denied and it possesses a large ability for the economy to grow.Let us know how you guys felt about the blog in the comments.